Interesting Historical Articles related to Bere Island

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Interesting Historical Articles related to Bere Island

Post by admin » Wed Aug 02, 2017 9:36 am

A list of historical accounts or interesting reading and articles related to Bere Island

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Re: Intersting Articles related to Bere Island

Post by admin » Wed Aug 02, 2017 9:37 am

Mr. Prendergast writes: " On the very day that Lord Clinton was leaving this country for England—a short week afterwards—he received the news that your lordship's bailiffs were ravaging the island, driving all the cows to the pound, and threatening to carry off everything that was not too hot or too heavy. " On the night of the 9th of September last, the second day after their descent, a large armed force of police summoned in from the neighbouring outposts, rendevouzed at midnight at a wooded point that juts into the Sound, and embarked hastily for the island. They were, however, unable to overtake a boat that started immediately to apprise the unfortunate islanders of the approach of these ill-timed visitors. This invading military force reached the island almost at the same moment as the friendly warners, but these last being better acquainted with the short cuts to the hamlet had time (and only time) to summon the terrified inhabitants from their beds, when they, for the most part aged and respectable women, fled, half-naked, up the telegraph hill, where, like a frightened herd, they stood at gaze in the shadow of the building, watching the scene below. For seven days and nights they lay out on the hills, often on the point of giving in, through aching bones, swollen faces, and shivering limbs."

Read more at : http://www.libraryireland.com/WestCorkH ... Island.php

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Re: Interesting Historical Articles related to Bere Island

Post by admin » Wed Aug 02, 2017 9:46 am

"Tennants were cleared from the land in order to construct fortifications. The purpose of these fortifications was to protect the British Fleet at anchor in the bay while routine maintenance was carried out. Seven gun batteries were constructed at the Ardaragh Battery and the larger Lonehort Battery. The Ardaragh battery pointed northwards towards Castletownberehaven bay while the Lonehort battery faced eastwards towards the eastern approach to the bay."

http://www.abandonedireland.com/bf.html

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Re: Interesting Historical Articles related to Bere Island

Post by admin » Wed Aug 02, 2017 9:48 am

"The British Fleet used Berehaven as a naval base following the fall of Dunboy as a precaution of more attacks by the Spanish. Berehaven was then described, “Being entered, the tides are slack, there are a good anchorage and convenient places to bring ships on ground, and smooth water, five fathoms deep at low water mark. Towards the north end it grows much larger, is at least a league over, and of capacity sufficient to contain all the ships of Europe.”
Down through the years until 1938, Bere Island and Berehaven remained a British Navy and Army base. Last week we wrote of the attempted French Invasion of 1796."
Courtesy originally from Souther Start Newspaper
http://www.irishidentity.com/extras/wat ... hfleet.htm

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Re: Interesting Historical Articles related to Bere Island

Post by admin » Wed Aug 02, 2017 9:51 am

The Royal Navy first moved into the waters of west Cork in 1797. The west coast of Ireland is, in sailorly terms, ‘iron-bound’, and the prevailing westerlies obliged ships to be wary of it. After all, the unhappy combination of rocks and the strong winds to drive ships onto those rocks had done for the Spanish Armada. But in 1796 the French had attempted to invade Ireland by way of Bantry Bay, and so the British were obliged to establish a base there in case they tried again. Here a naval base was little more than an anchorage with a modest shore establishment, all protected by some useful if unimposing fortification—in this case four Martello towers.

http://www.historyireland.com/volume-23 ... world-war/
by John Ware part-time lecturer in military history in Adult Continuing Education, University College Cork

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Re: Interesting Historical Articles related to Bere Island

Post by admin » Thu Aug 03, 2017 10:46 am

In 1940 things looked very serious for the country and a national emergency was declared. England wanted to get back possession of the Forts as refuelling bases for its navy. Churchill threatened to take them back, by force if necessary. And so the call to arms came, and thousands of our young men joined the defence forces. The result of this-two divisions - fully armed and trained - all in the space of one year - a wonderful achievement indeed.
The Forts were referred to in army terms as - Coast Defence Artillery (CDA) and in Bere Island many young lads joined the army and served there for the duration of the war; it was a great honour for me to get to know them and to serve as a comrade in arms.

http://www.irishidentity.com/stories/fortberehaven.htm

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